Frequently Asked Questions

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Nonemployer Statistics: Is an establishment the same business entity as a firm?

An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted, services are rendered, or industrial operations are performed. In general, a firm may have one or more establishments. However, for Nonemployer Statistics, the Census Bureau uses the terms firm and establishment interchangeably. Each distinct business income tax return filed by a business with no paid employees is counted as a firm, but it may be referred to as an establishment for consistency with other data products. A nonemployer business may operate from its owner's home address, from a separate physical location, or from a mobile location. Most geography codes for Nonemployer Statistics are derived from the business owner's mailing address, which may not be the same as the physical location of the business activity.


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