Frequently Asked Questions

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Does the U.S. Census Bureau provide data on poverty?

Our Census Bureau website on Poverty provides data links to all of the sources of poverty data that are published by the Census Bureau.  These include data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), the American Community survey (ACS), Census 2000, and other data sources.  Also, you can access Detailed and Historical Poverty tables from this page.

  • The Current Population Survey collects national and state poverty data through our annual report "Income and Poverty in the United States: 2014". Tables can be produced for the U.S. and states and Detailed Tables for the nation.

The following sites require using our data access tool "American FactFinder." If you need assistance you may call the Customer Liaison and Marketing Services Office at 1-800-923-8282 or (301) 763-INFO (4636).

  • American Community Survey (ACS): Estimates for the United States, Puerto Rico, all states, Congressional Districts, and geographic areas of 65,000 or more are released annually in the ACS 1-year estimates. 3-year estimates are no longer produced but are available for populations of 20,000 or more for 2011-2013 and earlier. Data for geographic areas as small as census tracts and block groups are available annually from the ACS 5-year estimates.  Learn more about the ACS on our website and access our estimates via American FactFinder.

  • ACS 1-year 2014 Supplemental Estimates consist of 58 detailed tables tabulated on the 1-year microdata for geographies with populations of 20,000 or more. These supplemental estimates were released on American FactFinder (AFF) and the API on July 21, 2016, and are available for the same geographic summary levels as those in the ACS 1-year dataset. 2000 Census on Population and Housing: Poverty data are provided from Summary File 3 and Summary File 4 for all geographic areas in the U.S.


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